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Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a leading printer, scientist, inventor, civic activist, and diplomat. As a scientist he was a major figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As a political writer and activist he, more than anyone, invented the idea of an American nation1, and as a diplomat during the American Revolution, he secured the French alliance that made independence possible. (source: Wikipedia) He also invented the concept of Public Healthcare, Public Firemen stations, did a lot for the community life. Greatest of the humanists.